Namibia: Black Rhino Translocation and Anesthetic Evaluation
The black rhinoceros is critically endangered in southern Africa; recent estimates put its total population at just over 4,000 animals. Range countries actively manage their rhinoceros populations in order to conserve them.
Unfortunately many procedures that are crucial to such management require capture and anesthesia. Capture techniques in the black rhinoceros are well established, yet unacceptable losses continue, particularly from capture-related respiratory and muscle disorders. This study will evaluate different techniques on respiratory values to help reduce the adverse effects, including death, associated with future rhinoceros capture operations.
The results of this work may be adopted by field veterinarians in range countries and minimize losses of these highly endangered mammals.
This study is supported by a grant from the Morris Animal Foundation.
Similar to the black rhino, management of white rhinos in southern Africa requires capture, anesthesia, and often holding in facilities to allow adaptation. White rhinos are notorious for having difficulties adapting after capture. This study, supported by a grant from the International Rhino Foundation and ABAXIS, will evaluate the factors that may be correlated with maladaptation to aid veterinarians and managers in minimizing the complications associated with these procedures. In addition, blood values from free-ranging rhinos will be used for comparison with values in captive zoo rhinos to determine if differences exist and the reasons behind them.
Nutrition is an important part of wellness in captive and wild animals.
In order to evaluate “normal values” and the effect of habitat changes on wild elephants, a small support grant is provided by Disney and ABAXIS to establish this database.
It will be used for comparison with captive elephant values in order to improve the health and welfare of zoo animals.